Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 18    No. 6    December 2008

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Mechanism of electro-generating leaching of
chalcopyrite-MnO2 in presence of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans
XIAO Li(肖 利)1, 2, LIU Jian-she(柳建设)3, FANG Zheng(方 正)1, QIU Guan-zhou(邱冠周)4

1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083,China;
2. Metallurgical Engineering College, Hunan Industrial University, Zhuzhou 412000, China
3. College of Environment Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China;
4. School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A dual cell system with chalcopyrite anode and MnO2 cathode was used to study the relations between time and such data as the electric quantity and the dissolution rates of the two minerals in the electro-generating leaching(EGL) and the bio-electro-generating leaching(BEGL), respectively. The results showed that the dissolution rates for Cu2+ and Fe2+ in BEGL were almost 2 times faster than those in EGL, and nearly 3 times for Mn2+; the electric output increased nearly by 3 times. The oxidation residue of chalcopyrite was represented by TEM and XRD, whose pattern was similar to that of the raw ore in EGL. The mechanism for leaching of CuFeS2-MnO2 in the presence of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans was proposed as a successive reaction of two independent sub-processes for the anode. The first stage, common to both processes, is dissolution of chalcopyrite to produce Cu2+, Fe2+ and sulfur. The second stage is subsequent oxidization of sulfur only in BEGL, which is the controlling step of the process. However, the dissolution of MnO2 lasts until the reaction of chalcopyrite stops or the ores exhaust in two types of leaching.


Key words: chalcopyrite; MnO2; bio-oxidation; electro-generative leaching

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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