Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 12    No. 1    February 2002

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Bioleaching of refractory gold ore (Ⅱ)——Mechanism on bioleaching of arsenopyrite by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans
MIN Xiao-bo(闵小波)1,CHAI Li-yuan(柴立元)1,CHEN Wei-liang(陈为亮)1,
ZHANG Chuan-fu(张传福)1,ZHONG Hai-yun(钟海云)1,KUANG Zhong(邝  中)

1.Department of Metallurgical Science & Engineering,
Central South University,Changsha 410083,China;
2. Guangxi Guanghe Industry Co.Lt.Hechi,China,547000

Abstract:The variation of main parameters was examined in bioleaching arsenopyrite,such as arsenic concentration, solution pH value, potential and biomass.Solution pH value decreased slightly and few T ferrooxidans adhered to the surface of arsenopyrite.The surface properties of arsenopyrite and leached products were determined by using modern measurement techniques including SEM,EDS and XRD.The corrosion characteristic of arsenopyrite surface is of uniformity,and arsenic in arsenopyrite was preferential to be dissolved. Element sulfur,jarosite and scoroditeare the primary products in bioleaching arsenopyrite.It can be drown fr om above that arsenopyrite is oxidized mainly through the indirect role of Tferrooxidans.A band model for bioleaching arsenopyrite was built,by which illustrated the bioleaching process theoretically.The model shows that the holes, which are provided by ferric ion, inject into the valence band of arsenopyrite to result in the dissolution of arsenopyrite.


Key words:  mechanism; arsenopyrite bioleaching;Thiobacillus ferrooxidans

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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