Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 20    No. 10    October 2010

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Effect of B and Fe substitution on structure of AB3-type Co-free hydrogen storage alloy
WU Feng(吴 锋)1, 2, ZHANG Min-yu(张旻昱)1, MU Dao-bin(穆道斌)1, 2

1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering,
School of Chemical Engineering and Environment, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;
2. National Development Center of Hi-Tech Green Materials, Beijing 100081, China

Abstract:A series of hydrogen storage Co-free AB3-type alloys were directly synthesized with vacuum mid-frequency melting method, within which Ni of La0.7Mg0.3Ni3 alloy was substituted by Fe, B and (FeB) alloy, respectively. Alloys were characterized by XRD, EDS and SEM to investigate the effects of B and Fe substitution for Ni on material structure. The content of LaMg2Ni9 phase within La0.7Mg0.3Ni3 alloy reaches 37.9% and that of La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.9(FeB)0.1 alloys reduces to 23.58%. Among all samples, ground particles with different shapes correspond to different phases. The major substitution occurs in LaMg2Ni9 phase. Electrochemical tests indicate that substituted alloys have different electrochemical performance, which is affected by phase structures of alloy. The discharge capacity of La0.7Mg0.3Ni3 alloy reaches 337.3 mA∙h/g, but La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.9(FeB)0.1 alloy gets better high rate discharge (HRD) performance at the discharge rate of 500 mA/g with a high HRD value of 73.19%.


Key words: Ni-MH battery; AB3-type; B substitution; Co-free hydrogen storage alloy

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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