Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 20    No. 12    December 2010

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Droplet transition for plasma-MIG welding on aluminium alloys
BAI Yan(白 岩)1, GAO Hong-ming(高洪明)2, QIU Ling(邱 灵)3

1. Institute for Welding and Surface Technology of R&D Center, Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.,
 Shanghai 201900, China;
 2. State Key Lab of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China;
 3. Aeronautical Manufacturing Technology Research Institute, Beijing 100024, China

Abstract:The synchronous acquisition system of droplet image inspection and arc electric signals were established and the droplet transition characteristics of aluminum alloys were researched in the plasma-MIG welding process. Typical droplet transition modes include globular transfer mode, short circuiting transfer mode, metastable spray transfer mode and projected transfer mode. The result indicates that MIG droplet transfer frequency and droplet transfer modes are changed by introducing the plasma arc in the plasma-MIG welding process compared with the MIG welding on the aluminum alloys, which broadens the range of welding parameters when the stable welding process proceeds. The metastable spray transfer and projected transfer mode are proved to be the most optimal modes by comparing the stability of electronic signal, droplet transition, weld appearance and weld penetration.


Key words: plasma MIG welding; droplet transition; aluminum alloy; high speed photography

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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