Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 21    No. 6    June 2011

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Effect of Sr addition on microstructure of as-cast Mg-Al-Ca alloy
LOU Yan1, BAI Xing2, 3, LI Luo-xing2, 3

1. College of Mechantronics and Control Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacture for Vehicle Body,
Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China;
3. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China

Abstract:The microstructure evolution of Mg-Al-Ca alloys modified by the addition of strontium was investigated. It was found that Sr addition leads to the coarsening of a-Mg matrix. However, with the Sr content increasing from 0.1% to 0.5%, the grain size decreases from 83.9 to 65.8 mm. The addition of Sr ranging from 0.1% to 0.3% refines the Al2Ca phase. It changes the morphology of the Al2Ca phase from bone-shaped to granular or banding, and increases its volume fraction. The decrease of grain size of the a-Mg matrix is due to the increase of the effective undercooling degree of the melt and the constitutional undercooling in a diffusion layer ahead of the advancing solid/liquid interface in the alloy modified by the Sr additions. The modification mechanism of Al2Ca is attributed to the adsorption of Sr additions to the Al2Ca crystal. When the Sr content increases to 0.5%, the alloy is over-modified.


Key words: Mg-Al-Ca alloy; strontium; calcium; microstructure

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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