Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 22    No. 6    June 2012

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Fracture behavior and microstructure of as-cast NiTi shape memory alloy
JIANG Shu-yong1, ZHANG Yan-qiu1, FAN Hong-tao2

1. Industrial Training Centre, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China;
2. College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China

Abstract:The as-cast ingot of equiatomic nickel-titanium shape memory alloy (NiTi SMA) was prepared by vacuum consumable arc melting. The tensile tests and the compressive tests with respect to as-cast NiTi SMA were performed to study its mechanical properties of fracture. The microanalysis of as-cast NiTi SMA as well as its fractured samples was performed so as to better understand microstructure evolution and fracture behavior of NiTi SMA. Under tensile loading, the as-cast NiTi SMA shows higher plasticity and is characterized by ductile fracture at 750 °C, but it demonstrates poorer plasticity and is characterized by cleavage fracture as well as transcrystalline fracture at room temperature and -100 °C. Under compressive loading at -100 °C, the as-cast NiTi SMA is characterized by shear fracture where the normal to the shearing fracture surface inclines about 45° to the compressive axis, and belongs to cleavage fracture where the cracks expand via transcrystalline fracture.


Key words: NiTi alloy; shape memory alloy; as-cast NiTi; microstructural evolution; fracture behavior

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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