Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第17卷    第7期    总第100期    2007年7月

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文章编号: 1004-0609(2007)07-1135-08
预制体制备方式对PCM法泡沫铝发泡行为的影响
王录才1, 2,曾松岩2,王 芳1,游晓红1

(1. 太原科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,太原 030024;
2. 哈尔滨工业大学 材料科学与工程学院,哈尔滨150001
)

摘 要:

采用冷压法、热压法和挤压法3种方式制备了预制体试样,研究试样在不同加热炉温下的发泡行为。结果表明:采用冷压法时,几种加热温度下制备的预制体均不能发泡;采用热压法制备的预制体的发泡效果随加热速度而异,炉温为725 ℃时,没有发泡,试样裂开;炉温为750 ℃和800 ℃时,试样发泡成功;采用挤压法制备的预制体在不同炉温下均能发泡。当压力平衡温度(Tp)小于可发泡温度(Tf)时,预制体不能发泡;当TpTf时,预制体可以发泡,且Δ(TpTf)越大,发泡效果越好;预制体制备方式和加热速度对PCM法制备泡沫铝的发泡效果和行为有显著影响,其中采用挤压法制备的预制体性能最好。

 

关键字: 泡沫铝;PCM法;前驱体;发泡行为

Effects of PCM methods on foaming behavior of Al-TiH2 precursor
WANG Lu-cai1, 2, ZENG Song-yan2, WANG Fang1, YOU Xiao-hong1

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of
Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

Abstract: The foaming behavior of Al-TiH2 precursor made by different compaction methods of cold pressing, hot pressing and extrusion at different furnace temperatures was studied. The results show that the precursor made by cold pressing cannot foam no matter what the furnace temperature is. The foaming behavior of precursor produced by hot pressing changes with heating rate, the precursor cannot foam and crack occurs at furnace temperature of 725 ℃, inversely, it can foam at furnace temperature of 750 ℃ and 800 ℃. The precursor made by extrusion can foam at any furnace temperature under the experimental condition. Based on theory analysis of experiment results, pressure balance temperature (Tp) and foaming temperature (Tf) were defined. Foaming mechanism and influence of precursor compaction methods and heating rate on foaming behavior were explored using the concepts of Tp and Tf. It is clarified that precursor processing methods and heating rate have remarkable effects on foaming behavior of PCM aluminum foams and the extrusion method is the best one for preparation of PCM aluminum foams.

 

Key words: aluminum foam; PCM method; precursor; foaming behavior

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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