Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第18卷    第11期    总第116期    2008年11月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2008)11-2087-07
高铝褐铁矿铝铁分离新工艺及其机理
李光辉,周太华,刘牡丹,姜 涛,范晓慧

(中南大学 资源加工与生物工程学院,长沙 410083)

摘 要: 系统地研究高铝褐铁矿工艺矿物学特性,开发钠盐焙烧—溶出铝铁分离新工艺,运用XRD和SEM等分析铝铁的分离机理。结果表明:铝主要呈微细颗粒嵌布于褐铁矿中或以类质同象形式存在于针铁矿物中,采用常规的磁选、浮选和磁化焙烧等工艺不能有效地分离铝铁;采用钠盐焙烧—溶出铝铁分离新工艺,当焙烧温度为    1 000 ℃,焙烧时间为10 min,Na2CO3质量分数为14.0%时,可制备全铁品位63.21%,Al2O3含量为2.13%的铁精矿,有效实现铝铁分离;原矿中的铝经钠盐焙烧后转变为铝硅酸钠、铝酸钠、α-Al2O3;铝酸钠、铝硅酸钠经溶出后被脱除,残留在铁精矿中的铝主要为呈微细粒嵌布在铁矿物中的α-Al2O3

 

关键词: 高铝褐铁矿;焙烧;溶出;脱铝

Novel process and mechanisms of aluminum-iron separation of high-aluminum limonite ore
LI Guang-hui, ZHOU Tai-hua, LIU Mu-dan, JIANG Tao, FAN Xiao-hui

School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A novel process of removal aluminum from the high aluminum limonite ore by sodium-salt-added roasting-leaching was developed based on the investigation on properties of mineralogy. And the mechanism of aluminum-iron separation was studied by XRD and SEM. The results show that aluminum minerals are mainly dispersed among the iron ore as a manner of superfine grains or scattered into the iron minerals in isomorphism, thus magnetic separation, floatation and magnetized roasting are unable to remove aluminum from the ore effectively. Aluminum can be removed from the ore by sodium-salt-added roasting followed leaching processing, and the iron concentrate with the iron grade of 63.21% and Al2O3 content of 2.13% can be obtained under the conditions of roasting temperature of 1 000 ℃, roasting time of 15 min and mass fraction of Na2CO3 of 14.0%. Aluminum in the ore is transformed to sodium aluminate, sodium aluminosilicate and α-Al2O3, among which sodium aluminate and sodium aluminosilicate can be leached by water and acid solution in turn, while α-Al2O3 remains in iron concentrate as a manner of superfine grains.

 

Key words: high-aluminum limonite; roasting; leaching; removing aluminum

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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