Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第15卷    第9期    总第78期    2005年9月

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文章编号: 1004-0609(2005)09-1452-06
乙硫氮在铁闪锌矿表面吸附的电化学行为及机理
余润兰1, 2, 邱冠周2, 胡岳华2, 覃文庆2

( 1. 衡阳师范学院 化学与材料科学系, 衡阳 421008;
2. 中南大学 资源加工与生物工程学院, 长沙 410083
)

摘 要:  采用光谱分析、 循环伏安及恒电位阶跃法, 研究了乙硫氮(NaD)在铁闪锌矿表面吸附的电化学行为及机理, 该机理与浮选电化学的混合电位模型并不一致。 在酸性条件下, 当电位为0~200 mV时, 乙硫氮在铁闪锌矿表面电化学吸附形成双乙硫氮(D2); 当电位为410mV时, 乙硫氮与矿物发生电化学反应形成ZnD2和S0, 并产生钝化, 且表面疏水性强; 当电位大于600 mV, 电极过程由自腐蚀反应控制。 在中性和碱性条件下, 铁闪锌矿表面的电极过程主要由自腐蚀阳极溶解控制。 随着pH值的增大, 表面中间态分别为Fe(OH)D2、 Fe(OH)2D和Zn(OH)D, 并随电位增大进一步氧化成Zn(OH)2、 Fe(OH)3和D2, 且矿物表面亲水性强。 在开路电位条件下, 铁闪锌矿表面存在双乙硫氮和乙硫氮金属盐, 但不能有效地附着在电极表面。

 

关键字:  铁闪锌矿; 乙硫氮; 吸附; 浮选电化学

Electrochemical adsorption behavior and mechanism of diethyldithiocarbamate on surface of marmatite
YU Run-lan1, 2, QIU Guan-zhou2, HU Yue-hua2, QIN Wen-qing2

1. Department of Chemistry and Material Science, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China;
2. School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract: The electrochemical adsorption behavior and mechanism of diethyl dithiocarbamate (NaD) on the surface of marmatite, which are different from the mixed potential model of flotation electrochemistry, were studied by spectrum analysis, CA voltammetry and constant potential step. Under acidic condition, the dimer diethyldithiocarbamate (D2) is formed on marmatite through the electrochemical adsorption of diethyl dithiocarbamate at 0-200mV. ZnD2 and S0 are formed by electrochemical reaction and result in the passivation at 410mV, and the surface of marmatite has strong hydrophobicity. The electrode process is controlled by self-corrosive reaction at over 600mV. Under the condition of the neutral and base, the electrode process of marmatite is basically controlled by the anodic self-corrosion. With the increasing pH, the intermediates on the surface of marmatite are Fe(OH)D2, Fe(OH)2D, Zn(OH)D, respectively, which will be further oxidized into Zn(OH)2, Fe(OH)3 and D2 with the increase of the potential, and the surface of marmatite has strong hydrophilicity. There exist both dimer D2 and diethyl dithiocarbamate salts on the surface of marmatite at open-circuit potential, which can not effectively adhere on the surface of marmatite.

 

Key words: marmatite; diethyl dithiocarbamate; adsorption; flotation electrochemistry

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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