Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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第14卷    第3期    总第60期    2004年3月



赵双群1, 2, 谢锡善1, G. D. Smith3

( 1. 北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083; 
2. 宁夏大学 物理系, 银川 750021;
3. Special Metals Corporation, Huntington, WV 25705, USA

摘 要: 利用XRD, SEM和EDS等实验技术研究了一种新的超级超临界锅炉过热器管材Ni-Cr-Co基高温合金在模拟煤燃烧环境中的高温腐蚀行为。合金在700℃遭受的腐蚀过程分为2个阶段。 在初始阶段, 合金发生了氧化和硫化腐蚀,表面形成了保护性的Cr2O3膜,同时出现了内硫化现象。 在加速腐蚀阶段, 因CoSO4熔盐在合金表面的稳定存在使合金遭受严重的低温热腐蚀。当处于较高的SO3分压时,钴或氧化钴在合金表面熔盐中的溶解是造成合金抗腐蚀性能退化的原因。


关键字: Ni-Cr-Co基高温合金;合成煤灰/烟气; 低温热腐蚀;腐蚀机理

High temperature corrosion of new Ni-Cr-Co base superalloy in coal-fired environments
ZHAO Shuang-qun1, 2, XIE Xi-shan1, G. D. Smith3

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering,
University of Science and Technology Beijing, 
Beijing 100083, China;
2. Department of Physics, Ningxia University, 
Yinchuan 750021, China;
3. Special Metals Corporation, Huntington, WV 25705, USA

Abstract: High temperature corrosion behavior of a new Ni-Cr-Co base superalloy, which is expected to serve as the material for the superheater/reheater tube in the ultra-supercritical boilers, was investigated in a laboratory-simulated coal-fired condition by means of XRD, SEM and EDS. The corrosion can be generally divided into two stages. The first one is an initial stage, during which a combination of oxidation and sulfidation occurr at the mean time, and the protective Cr2O3 scale forms on the surface and the internal sulfide appears. The second is an accelerated stage, during which severe low temperature hot corrosion happens due to the presence of the molten CoSO4. The rapid degradation of corrosion resistance of alloy is attributed to the dissolution of both cobalt and cobalt oxide on the surface at high SO3 levels.


Key words: Ni-Cr-Co base superalloy; synthetic coal ash/flue gas; low temperature hot corrosion; corrosion mechanism

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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