Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第14卷    第5期    总第62期    2004年5月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2004)05-0802-07
温度对La-Mg-Ni-Co-Mn贮氢电极合金电化学性能的影响
刘永锋, 潘洪革, 金勤伟, 李  锐, 李寿权, 葛红卫, 雷永泉

(浙江大学 材料科学与工程系, 杭州 310027)

摘 要: 系统研究了温度对La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.875Co0.525Mn0.1贮氢合金电化学性能尤其是电化学动力学性能的影响。结果表明: La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.875Co0.525Mn0.1合金由 (La, Mg)Ni3相和LaNi5相构成。 合金的最大放电容量随着温度升高从-20℃时的277.5mAh/g增加到30℃时的406.2mAh/g。 随着温度升高, 合金放电平台电位逐渐变负, 放电过电位逐渐减小,合金电极的极化减弱。 高倍率性能、 交换电流密度、 氢的扩散系数研究表明合金的电化学动力学性能随着温度升高不断提高。 该合金的氢扩散活化能为17.6kJ/mol。 

 

关键词: 贮氢合金; 温度特性; 电化学性能; 动力学

Effects of temperature on electrochemical properties of 
La-Mg-Ni-Co-Mn hydrogen storage electrode alloy
LIU Yong-feng, PAN Hong-ge, JIN Qin-wei, LI Rui, 
LI Shou-quan,GE Hong-wei, LEI Yong-quan

Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Abstract: Effects of temperature on the electrochemical properties of the La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.875Co0.525Mn0.1 hydrogen storage electrode alloy were systematically investigated, particularly for the electrochemical kinetic properties. The results indicate that the La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.875Co0.525Mn0.1 alloy consists of the (La, Mg)Ni3 phase and the LaNi5 phase. The maximum discharge capacity of the La0.7Mg0.3Ni2.875Co0.525Mn0.1alloy increases from 277.5mAh/g to 406.2mAh/g with increasing temperature from -20℃ to 30℃. Moreover, with increasing temperature, the discharge plateau potential is more negative, the discharge overpotential declines, and the polarization of the alloy electrode decreases. The high rate dischargeability, exchange current density and hydrogen diffusion coefficient of the alloy electrode all increase with increasing temperature, which indicates that the electrochemical kinetic property of the alloy electrode is improved. The activation energy for hydrogen diffusion in the alloy electrode is calculated to be 17.6kJ/mol.

 

Key words: hydrogen storage alloy; temperature characteristic; electrochemical properties; kinetics

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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