Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第14卷    第5期    总第62期    2004年5月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2004)05-0848-06
铝酸钠溶液碳酸化分解过程动力学
李小斌, 陈  滨, 周秋生, 刘桂华, 彭志宏, 刘祥民

( 中南大学 冶金科学与工程学院, 长沙 410083)

摘 要: 对铝酸钠溶液碳酸化分解过程的动力学进行了研究。在对碳酸化分解过程中的氢氧化钠被二氧化碳中和以及氢氧化铝析出两个过程进行比较后, 认为整个碳酸化分解过程是受氢氧化铝析出过程控制, 仍然遵循种分机理。 借鉴种分过程动力学模型,给出了动力学方程。 方程表明: 碳酸化分解反应的表观活化能为75.115kJ/mol,这与晶种分解过程的活化能大致相当, 也与碳酸化分解过程仍然遵循晶种分解机理的观点相吻合; 碳酸化分解过程强烈地受到过饱和度的影响。

 

关键词: 铝酸钠溶液; 碳酸化分解; 氢氧化铝; 动力学

Kinetics of carbonation decomposition of sodium aluminate solution
LI Xiao-bin, CHEN Bin, ZHOU Qiu-sheng, LIU Gui-hua,
PENG Zhi-hong, LIU Xiang-min

College of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, 
Central South University,Changsha 410083, China

Abstract: The kinetics of carbonation decomposition of sodium aluminate solution was investigated. Based on the camparison between the two essential processes in carbonation decomposition—one is the reaction between sodium hydroxide and carbon dioxide, the other is the process of aluminum trihydroxide precipitation, it is revealed that the latter is the controlling step. With the seeded precipitation model in the literature, the model of kinetics of carbonation decomposition and its corresponding kinetic equation were deduced. The results show that the apparent activation energy of carbonation is 75.115kJ/mol, which serves as a well indication of the similarity on mechanism between the process of carbonation and that of seeded precipitation process. The effect of seed on carbonation precipitation can be well explained only when the concept of instantaneous seed is employed to the kinetic equation. The process of carbonation precipitation is intensively affected by super-saturation.

 

Key words: sodium aluminate solution; carbonation decomposition; aluminum trihydroxide; kinetics

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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