Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第20卷    第10期    总第139期    2010年10月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2010)10-1941-08
等径角挤压制备的超细晶Al-5%Cu合金块材的腐蚀行为
宋  丹,马爱斌,江静华,林萍华,范俊峰

(河海大学 力学与材料学院, 南京 210098)

摘 要: 采用全浸泡腐蚀和电化学腐蚀研究等径角挤压制备的超细晶铝铜合金块材在氯化钠溶液中的腐蚀行为。结果表明:超细晶铝铜合金中基体相α(Al)晶粒细小(为200~300 nm);铸态组织中网状θ相(Al2Cu)破碎、细化成10 μm左右的颗粒并均匀分布于形变α(Al)基体上;形变细化提高铝铜合金在氯化钠介质中的耐蚀性能,表现出全浸泡腐蚀中更轻的腐蚀程度、电化学测试中更大的极化电阻、更正的自腐蚀电位和点蚀电位、更小的腐蚀电流密度。

 

关键词: Al-Cu合金;等径角挤压;超细晶;腐蚀行为

Corrosion behavior of ultra-fine grain bulk Al-5%Cu alloy
fabricated by equal-channel angular pressing
SONG Dan, MA Ai-bin, JIANG Jing-hua, LIN Ping-hua, FAN Jun-feng

College of Mechanics and Materials, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China

Abstract:The effect of strain-induced grain refinement on the corrosion behavior of ultra-fine grain bulk Al-5%Cu alloy fabricated by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was investigated by constant immersion tests and electrochemical corrosion in NaCl solution. The results show that the ECAP Al-Cu alloy obtains a finer grain size (200−300 nm) of α(Al) matrix, and the original net-like coarse θ phase is also broken into uniformly distributed fine particles with grain size of about 10 μm. The corrosion resistance of ultra-fine grain (UFG) Al-Cu alloy is obviously improved with alleviated corrosion damaged morphologies in constant immersion test, and the alloy has more positive open circuit potential (φ0), higher fitted Rt values, more positive self corrosion potential (φp) and lower corrosion current (Jc) values in electrochemical measurements.

 

Key words: Al-Cu alloy; equal-channel angular pressing; ultra-fine grain; corrosion behavior

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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