Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第22卷    第5期    总第158期    2012年5月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2012)05-1347-05
均相沉淀法制备YAG球形粉体及透明陶瓷
吕光哲1,刘志明1,许龙山2,王平原1,赵  岩1,孙旭东3

(1. 辽宁科技学院 冶金工程学院,本溪 117004;2. 厦门理工学院 材料科学与工程系,厦门 361024;
3. 东北大学 材料各向异性与织构教育部重点实验室,沈阳 110004
)

摘 要: 以Y(NO3)3∙6H2O和Al(NO3)3∙9H2O为原料,尿素为沉淀剂,采用均相沉淀法合成了成分为5[Al(OH)CO3]·3[Y(OH)CO3]的钇铝石榴石(YAG)先驱体粉末。在沉淀过程中通过控制硫酸根离子的含量可以避免晶核生长时的方向性,有效防止了纳米颗粒硬团聚的形成,先驱体颗粒逐渐球化。经1 100 ℃煅烧分解,获得平均尺寸为200~  400 nm、低团聚的高纯YAG球形粉体。该粉体经模压成型、1 700 ℃真空烧结,得到晶粒分布均匀、完全透明的YAG陶瓷。

 

关键字: YAG球形粉体;均相沉淀;(NH4)2SO4;透明陶瓷

Fabrication of YAG spherical nano-powders and transparent ceramics by homogeneous precipitation method
LÜ Guang-zhe1, LIU Zhi-ming1, XU Long-shan2, WANG Ping-yuan1, ZHAO Yan1, SUN Xu-dong3

1. College of Metallurgy Engineering, Liaoning Institute of Science and Technology, Benxi 117004, China;
2. Department of Materials and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024, China;
3. Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials, Ministry of Education,
Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China

Abstract:YAG precursor powders with composition of 5[Al(OH)CO3]·3[Y(OH)CO3] were prepared by a homogeneous precipitation method using Y(NO3)3∙6H2O and Al(NO3)3∙9H2O as the raw materials and urea as the precipitant. During the precipitation process, the hard agglomerates between the nanopowders are prevented by the electrostatic effect and the selective growth of the crystal nucleus is avoided through controlling the content of SO42− ions. The precursor powders can be spheroidized gradually during the chemical reaction. The highly pure and low-agglomerated YAG spherical powders are obtained by calcinating the precursors at 1 100 ℃ and the primary particles are spherical and 200~400 nm in diameter. The powder compact pressed in steel die can be sintered to transparency under vacuum at 1 700 ℃. The fully transparent YAG ceramics exhibit a homogeneous microstructure without any survival pores.

 

Key words: YAG spherical powders; homogeneous precipitation; (NH4)2SO4; transparent ceramics

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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