Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 23    No. 9    September 2013

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Influence of Ga and In on microstructure and electrochemical properties of Mg anodes
Yan FENG, Ri-chu WANG, Chao-qun PENG

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The influence of Ga and In on the electrochemical properties of Mg anode materials were investigated by the polarization and galvanostatic curve tests. The microstructure and the corroded surface of the Mg-In-Ga alloys were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion product of the Mg-0.8%In (mass fraction) and Mg-0.8%Ga-0.3%In alloy were determined by X-ray diffraction. The results show that no second phase exists in the Mg-xIn (x=0-0.8%) allloys. Intergranular compounds containing Ga and In elements occur in the Mg-0.8%In-xGa (x=0-0.8%) alloys. The addition of In into Mg as well as the addition of 0.05%-0.5%Ga into Mg-In alloy promotes the corrosion resistance. The addition of Ga into Mg-In alloys also promotes the electrochemical activity. The Mg-0.8%In-0.8%Ga alloy has the most negative mean potential, -1.682 V, which is more negative than -1.406 V in AZ91D. The corrosion type of the Mg-In-Ga alloys is general corrosion and the corrosion product is Mg(OH)2.


Key words: Mg anode; alloying element; Ga; In; galvanostatic curve; corrosion resistance; electrochemical activity

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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