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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第24卷    第7期    总第184期    2014年7月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2014)07-1871-07
Si-Sn合金精炼-定向凝固过程硅的分离和提纯
巫 剑1, 2,王 志2,胡晓军1,郭占成1,范占军3,谢永龙3

(1. 北京科技大学 钢铁冶金新技术国家重点实验室,北京 100083;
2. 中国科学院过程工程研究所 绿色过程与工程重点实验室 湿法冶金清洁生产技术国家工程实验室,北京 100190;
3. 宁夏银星多晶硅有限公司,吴忠 751100
)

摘 要: 采用Sn-Si熔析体系,利用工业规模多晶硅铸锭炉通过控制温度梯度和热场上移速率进行定向凝固处理,研究硅锭的形貌特征、组织结构和提纯效果。结果表明:在定向凝固过程中析出了连续密实的硅晶,且晶体硅与金属熔析剂之间形成了平坦稳定的相界面,实现晶体硅与金属熔析剂的有效分离。晶体硅经过混酸酸洗后,总金属杂质含量由58.3×10-6降低为7.6×10-6,去除率可以达到87%;非金属P含量由50.12×10-6降低为8.48×10-6,去除率大于80%。因此,Si-Sn合金精炼与定向凝固过程复合,解决了硅与金属熔析剂的有效分离问题,同时也实现了杂质的高效去除。

 

关键词: 硅;分离;提纯;合金精炼;定向凝固;晶体生长

Separation and purification of silicon by combined Si-Sn alloy refining and directional solidification process
WU Jian1, 2, WANG Zhi2, HU Xiao-jun1, GUO Zhan-cheng1, FAN Zhan-jun3, XIE Yong-long3

1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 China;
2. National Engineering Laboratory for Hydrometallurgical Cleaner Production Technology,
Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3. Ningxia Yingxin Polycrystalline Silicon Co. Ltd, Wuzhong 751100, China

Abstract:The directional solidification of Si-Sn melt was carried out by controlling the temperature gradient and the moving velocity of thermal field in the ingot furnace. The morphology characteristics, structure and purification effect of the silicon ingot were studied. The results indicate that the growth of bulk Si is achieved from Si-Sn melt, and a flat and stable phase interface forms between the silicon and solvent by directional solidification, resulting in an effective separation. Meanwhile, purification of the refined Si by acid-leaching shows that metallic impurities decrease from 58.3×10-6 to 7.6×10-6, and the removal rate reaches 87%. Non-metallic P content decreases from 50.12×10-6 to 8.48×10-6, and the removal rate is over 80%. Therefore, not only the effective separation of silicon and solvent, but also the efficient removal of impurities is realized through Sn-Si alloy refining and directional solidification process.

 

Key words: silicon; separation; purification; alloy refining; directional solidification; crystal growth

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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