Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 24    No. 1    July 2014

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Fatigue crackgrowth mechanism in cast hybrid metal matrixcomposite reinforced with SiC particles and Al2O3whiskers
AKM Asif IQBAL1, Yoshio ARAI2, Wakako ARAKI2

1. Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama, Japan;
2. Division of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering,
Saitama University, Saitama, Japan

Abstract:The fatigue crack growth (FCG) mechanism of a cast hybrid metal matrix composite (MMC) reinforced with SiC particles and Al2O3 whiskers was investigated. For comparison, the FCG mechanisms of a cast MMC with Al2O3 whiskers and a cast Al alloy were also investigated. The results show that the FCG mechanism is observed in the near-threshold and stable-crack-growth regions. The hybrid MMC shows a higher threshold stress intensity factor range, ?Kth, than the MMC with Al2O3 and Al alloy, indicating better resistance to crack growth in a lower stress intensity factor range, ?K. In the near-threshold region with decreasing ?K, the two composite materials exhibit similar FCG mechanism that is dominated by debonding of the reinforcement–matrix interface, and followed by void nucleation and coalescence in the Al matrix. At higher ?K in the stable- or mid-crack-growth region, in addition to the debonding of the particle–matrix and whisker–matrix interface caused by cycle-by-cycle crack growth at the interface, the FCG is affected predominantly by striation formation in the Al matrix. Moreover, void nucleation and coalescence in the Al matrix and transgranular fracture of SiC particles and Al2O3 whiskers at high ?K are also observed as the local unstable fracture mechanisms. However, the FCG of the monolithic Al alloy is dominated by void nucleation and coalescence at lower ?K, whereas the FCG at higher ?K is controlled mainly by striation formation in the Al grains, and followed by void nucleation and coalescence in the Si clusters.

 

Key words: cast metal matrix composites; fatigue crack growth; stress intensity factor ; fracture

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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