Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 25    No. 11    November 2015

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Morphology, photoluminescence and gas sensing ofCe-doped ZnO microspheres
Yan Li, Jin-cheng Liu, Xiao-xue Lian, Tan Lü, Fang-xian Zhao

College of Science, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China

Abstract:Ce-doped ZnO microspheres were solvothermally prepared, and their microstructure, morphology, photoluminescence, and gas sensing were investigated by X-ray diffractometer, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, fluorescence spectrometer and gas sensing analysis system. The results showed that the Ce-doped ZnO microspheres were composed of numerous nanorods with a diameter of 70 nm and a wurtzite structure. Ce-doping could cause a morphological transition from loose nanorods assembly to a tightly assembly in the microspheres. Comparedwith pure ZnO, the photoluminescence of the Ce-doped microspheres showed red-shifted UV emission and an enhanced blue emission. Particularly, the Ce-doped ZnO sensors exhibited much higher sensitivity and selectivity to ethanol than that of pure ZnO sensor at 320 °C. The ZnO microspheres doped with 6% Ce (mole fraction) exhibited the highest sensitivity (about 30) with rapid response (2 s) and recovery time (16 s) to 50×10-6 ethanol gas.


Key words: Ce-doping; ZnO; morphology; microspheres; gas sensing; photoluminescence

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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