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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第26卷    第3期    总第204期    2016年3月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2016)-03-0586-07
La4MgNi19-xCox(x=0~2)贮氢合金的相结构和电化学性能
魏范松,胥小丽,肖佳宁,蔡鑫,魏范娜

(江苏科技大学材料科学与工程学院,镇江 212003)

摘 要: 采用中间合金法在感应熔炼炉中制备La4MgNi19-xCox(x=0~2)合金,研究Co部分替代Ni对合金相结构和电化学性能的影响。XRD测试结果表明:合金主要由La4MgNi19(Ce5Co19+Pr5Co19)相和LaNi5相组成;x的增加有利于促进La4MgNi19相的形成,且晶胞体积随之增大。显微组织观察发现,合金为树枝晶结构,x的增加会使树枝晶变细。电化学测试表明:合金均具有良好的活化性能和高倍率放电性能(HRD600>92.57%);随着x的增加,合金的最大放电容量明显提高(从x=0时的359.23 mA?h/g增大到x=2的380.85 mA?h/g),而循环寿命则先下降后逐渐提升。高倍率放电性能主要由合金电极的扩散系数控制,而循环稳定性的下降则是由于合金中La4MgNi19相的增加使膨胀率和晶间应力集中增大加速粉化所致。

 

关键字: 贮氢合金;A5B19型;晶体结构;电化学性能;La-Mg-Ni系

Phase structure and electrochemical properties ofLa4MgNi19-xCox (x=0-2) hydrogen storage alloys
WEI Fan-song, XU Xiao-li, XIAO Jia-ning, CAI Xin, WEI Fan-na

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China

Abstract:TheLa4MgNi19-xCox(x=0-2) alloys were prepared by intermediate alloy method in vacuum levitation melting furnace, and their phase structure and electrochemical properties were investigated systematically. The XRD results show that all alloys consist of LaNi5 and La4MgNi19 phases (Ce5Co19+Pr5Co19 structure). The increase of x value can promote the formation of La4MgNi19 phase and increase the cell volume of that phase. The microstructure observation reveals that the microstructures of all alloys are dendritic structure, which becomes fine with the increase of x value. The electrochemical measurements show that all alloys have good activation performance and high-rate discharge-ability (D600, HR>92.57%). With the increasing of x value, the maximum discharge capacity of the alloy increases obviously (increasing from 359.23 mA?h/g at x=0 to 380.85 mA?h/g at x=2), and the cycle life first decreases and then increases gradually. The high ratio discharge properties are mainly controlled by the diffusion coefficient of the alloy electrode, and the declination of cycle stability is due to the accelerating pulverization caused by the increase of inter-granular stress concentration and the higher expansion ratio of La4MgNi19 phase.

 

Key words: hydrogen storage alloy; A5B19 type; crystal structure; electro chemical property; La-Mg-Ni system

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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