Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 26    No. 3    March 2016

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Recovery of cobalt and nickel in the presence of magnesium and calcium from sulfate solutions by Versatic 10 and mixtures of Versatic 10 and Cyanex 301
Qing-jun GUAN1, Wei SUN1, Gui-ying ZHOU2, Jia-peng LIU1, Zhi-gang YIN1

1. School of Mineral Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. National Engineering Laboratory of Biohydrometallurgy,
Beijing General Research Institute for Non-ferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, China

Abstract:The extraction and stripping characteristics of Versatic 10 and its mixtures with Cyanex 301 were investigated for the recovery of cobalt and nickel from sulfate solutions containing magnesium and calcium. The optimum extraction factors of Versatic 10 were initial pH of 2.5, O/A ratio of 1/3, and saponification rate of 60%. The loaded Versatic 10 was stripped by using 2 mol/L H2SO4 at O/A ratio of 1/1. The optimum volume ratio of Versatic 10 to Cyanex301 was 7/3 in the mixtures, which could effectively reduce the equilibrium pH to 3.50. And the loaded mixtures were stripped by using 2 mol/L H2SO4 at O/A ratio of 1/2. The reaction principle of Versatic10 and metal ions is an ion exchange reaction. However, in the extraction reaction of and metal ions, besides the ion exchange reaction, the strong coordination effect between Cyanex 301 and metal ions also exists, which is much weakened in the extraction reaction of the mixtures and metal ions.


Key words: solvent extraction; Versatic 10; Cyanex 301; nickel; cobalt; magnesium; calcium

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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