Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 26    No. 4    April 2016

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Bimodal-grained Ti fabricated by high-energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering
Yan LONG, Wen-jing GUO, Ying LI

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Metal Processing and Forming, School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China

Abstract:Bimodal-grained Ti containing coarse and fine grains was fabricated by high-energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering (SPS). The microstructure and mechanical properties of the compacts sintered by Ti powders ball-milled for different time were studied. Experimental results indicated that when the ball-milling time increased, the microstructure of sintered Ti was firstly changed from coarse-grained to bimodal-grained structure, subsequently transformed to a homogeneous fine-grained structure. Compared with coarse-grained Ti and fine-grained Ti, bimodal-grained Ti exhibited balanced strength and ductility. The sample sintered from Ti powders ball-milled for 10 h consisting of 65.3% (volume fraction) fine-grained region (average grain size 1 μm) and 34.7% coarse-grained region (grain size > 5 μm) exhibited a compress strength of 1028 MPa as well as a plastic strain to failure of 22%.

 

Key words: titanium alloy; high-energy ball milling; spark plasma sintering; bimodal-grained structure

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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