Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 26    No. 8    August 2016

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A review of tool wear prediction during friction stir welding of aluminium matrix composite
Ashish BIST1, J. S. SAINI2, Bikramjit SHARMA2

1. Mechanical Engineering Department, Graphic Era University, Dehradun 248002, Uttarakhand, India;
2. Mechanical Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India

Abstract:Friction stir welding is the preferred joining method for aluminium matrix composites. It is a solid-state process which prevents the formation of the intermetallic precipitates responsible for degradation of mechanical properties in fusion welds of these composites. The major concern in friction stir welding is the wear of the welding tool pin. The wear is due to the prolonged contact between the tool and the harder reinforcements in the composite materials. This paper provides an overview of the effects of different parameters of friction stir welding on the tool wear. It was found that the total amount of material removed from the tool is in direct proportion to the rotational speed of the tool and the length of the weld but inversely proportional to the transverse rate. The results even demonstrate that the tool geometry also has significant influence on the wear resistance of the tool. The tool even converts itself into a self-optimized shape to minimize its wear.


Key words: friction stir welding; aluminium matrix composites; tool wear

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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