Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第27卷    第2期    总第215期    2017年2月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2017)-02-0295-10
Ni-Cr-Fe多孔材料的制备及抗氧化性能
肖逸锋1, 2,刘 艳1, 2,汤 智1, 2,吴 靓1, 2,许艳飞1, 2,钱锦文1, 2,贺跃辉3

(1. 湘潭大学 机械工程学院,湘潭 411105;
2. 湘潭大学 焊接机器人及应用技术湖南省重点实验室,湘潭 411105;
3. 中南大学 粉末冶金国家重点实验室,长沙 410083
)

摘 要: 采用元素粉末反应合成法, 利用固相偏扩散的原理进行固相烧结制备Ni-Cr-Fe多孔材料。通过表征多孔材料在不同烧结温度下的膨胀率、孔结构变化及物相组成研究材料的成孔过程,探讨造孔机理;并研究Ni-Cr-Fe多孔材料在1000 ℃下的高温抗氧化性能。结果表明:Ni-Cr-Fe在1380 ℃下达到最大膨胀,最大径向膨胀率达7%,开孔隙率为32.5%;最大孔径与透气度分别为90 μm和990 m3/(m2?kPa?h)。Cr、Fe 元素向Ni元素的偏扩散形成大量丰富孔隙。在氧化实验中,在1000 ℃高温下氧化560 h后多孔Ni-Cr-Fe最大孔径及透气度变化不大,而同等条件下氧化的Ni-Fe、Ni-Cr多孔材料孔结构变化较明显,表明Ni-Cr-Fe多孔材料具有优异的高温抗氧化性能。

 

关键字: Ni-Cr-Fe多孔材料;造孔机理;反应合成法;抗氧化性能

Fabrication and high temperature oxidation resistance of porous Ni-Cr-Fe alloys
XIAO Yi-feng1, 2, LIU Yan1, 2, TANG Zhi1, 2, WU Liang1, 2, XU Yan-fei1, 2, QIAN Jin-wen1, 2, HE Yue-hui3

1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China;
2. Key Laboratory of welding robot and application technology of Hunan Province, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China;
3. State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The porous Ni-Cr-Fe alloys were prepared by reactive powder synthesis method, which used the principle of partial diffusion in solid phase sintering. The expansion rate, changes of pore structure and phase composition of porous Ni-Cr-Fe alloys under different sintering temperatures were characterized to research the pore forming process and explore the mechanism of pore. And the high temperature oxidation resistance of porous Ni-Cr-Fe alloys at 1000 ℃ was studied. The results show that the radial direction expansion has the largest value after being sintered at 1380 ℃ and the values is 7%. The open porosity of the materials is 32.5%, the maximum pore size and the permeability of the materials are 90 μm and 990 m3/(m2?kPa?h), respectively. The large amounts of pores form due to the partial diffusion of Cr and Fe elements into Ni. In the oxidation experiments, the maximum pore size and permeability of Ni-Fe and Ni-Cr with oxidation for 560 h change more obviously than those of Ni-Cr-Fe porous material under the same conditions which indicates that Ni-Cr-Fe porous alloys have excellent high temperature oxidation resistance.

 

Key words: porous Ni-Cr-Fe alloy; pore-forming mechanism; reaction synthesis; oxidation resistance

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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