Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 27    No. 2    February 2017

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Effect of external forces on microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of high pressure die cast AA5754 alloy

Department of Materials Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:The effects of ultrasonic treatment (UT) and electromagnetic stirring (EMS) forces, individually and in combination, prior to high pressure die-casting of AA5754 alloy were assessed. The liquid of alloy was subjected to UT, EMS and the combined style and then transferred to the shot chamber. The grain size, mechanical properties, gas content and hot tearing susceptibility were analyzed. The results suggest that the application of each process enhances grain refinement and decreases the porosity of the specimens. UT reduces the grain size from 140 to 82 μm and decreases the porosity from 5.5% to 1.4%. EMS reduces the grain size to 107 μm and the porosity to 3.3%. The combination of UT and EMS decreases the grain size and the porosity to 65 μm and 1.1%, respectively, which are the lowest grain size and porosity ever reported for this alloy achieved via physical processing. Intensive cavitation and stirring not only resulted in a refined microstructure but also significantly decreased the hot tearing susceptibility and improved the mechanical properties. All of the aforementioned characteristics are due to cavity formation, during each process. By combination of techniques, EMS could promote the nucleation process by providing more exogenous particles in the strong cavitation field of UT. Ultrasonic plays a major role in grain refining, decreasing the hot tearing susceptibility and the gas content by introducing a strong cavitation field.


Key words: 5754 aluminium alloy; electromagnetic stirring; ultrasonic treatment; microstructure; die casting

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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