Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 27    No. 2    February 2017

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Sb(V) removal from copper electrorefining electrolyte: Comparative study by different sorbents
Katereh SALARI1, Saeedeh HASHEMIAN1, Mohammad Taghi BAEI2

1. Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Brunch, P. O. Box 89195-155, Yazd, Iran;
2. Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr Branch, Azadshahr, P. O. Box 49617-89985 Golestan, Iran

Abstract:Removal of Sb(V) from copper electrolyte by different sorbents such as activated carbon, bentonite, kaolin, resin, zeolite and white sand was investigated. Adsorption capacity of Sb(V) removal from copper electrolyte was as follows: white sand < anionic resin < zeolite < kaolin < activated carbon < bentonite. Bentonite was characterized using FTIR, XRF, XRD, SEM and BET methods. The results show specific surface area of 95 m2/g and particles size of 175 nm for bentonite. The optimum conditions for the maximum removal of Sb are contact time 10 min, 4 g bentonite and temperature of 40 °C. The adsorption of Sb(V) on bentonite is followed by pseudo-second-order kinetic (R2=0.996 and k=9×10-5 g/(mg·min)). Thermodynamic results reveal that the adsorption of Sb(V) onto bentonite from copper electrolyte is endothermic and spontaneous process (ΔGΘ=-4806 kJ/(mol·K). The adsorption data fit both the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. Bentonite has the maximum adsorption capacity of 10000 mg/g for adsorption of Sb(V) in copper electrolyte. The adsorption of Zn, Co, Cu and Bi that present in the copper electrolyte is very low and insignificant.


Key words: antimony (V); bentonite; copper electrolyte; sorbent; removal

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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