Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 27    No. 7    July 2017

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Effects of foaming parameters on microstructure and compressive properties of aluminum foams produced by powder metallurgy method

Department of Materials and Polymer Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar 9617976487, Iran

Abstract:Semi open-cell aluminum foams having channels between individual cells were produced using low cost CaCO3 foaming agent and applying the powder compact melting process. To this end, the aluminum and CaCO3 powder mixtures were cold compacted into dense cylindrical precursors for foaming at specific temperatures under air atmosphere. The effects of several parameters including precursor compaction pressure, foaming agent content as well as temperature and time of the foaming process on the cell microstructure, linear expansion, relative density and compressive properties were investigated. A uniform distribution of cells with sizes less than 100 μm, which form semi open-cell structures with relative densities in the range of 55.4%-84.4%, was obtained. The elevation of compaction pressure between 127-318 MPa and blowing agent up to 15% (mass fraction) led to an increase in the linear expansion, compressive strength and densification strain. By varying the foaming temperature from 800 to 1000 °C, all of the investigated parameters increased except compressive strength and relative density. The results indicated the optimal foaming temperature and time as 900 °C and 10-25 min, respectively.


Key words: aluminum foam; powder metallurgy; CaCO3; foaming agent; semi open-cell microstructure; expansion; compressive properties

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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