Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 27    No. 9    September 2017

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Leaching kinetics of antimony-bearing complex sulfides ore in hydrochloric acid solution with ozone
Xue-yi GUO1,2, Yun-tao XIN1,2, Hao WANG1,2, Qing-hua TIAN1,2

1. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China; 2. Cleaner Metallurgical Engineering Research Center, China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The leaching kinetics of Sb and Fe from antimony-bearing complex sulfides ore was investigated in HCl solution by oxidation-leaching with ozone. The effects of temperature, HCl concentration, stirring speed and particle size on the process were explored. It is found that the recoveries of Sb and Fe reach 86.1% and 28.8%, respectively, when the reaction conditions are 4.0 mol/L HCl, 900 r/min stirring speed at 85 °C with <0.074 mm particle size after 50 min leaching. XRD analysis indicates that no new solid product forms in the leaching residue and the leaching process can be described by shrinking core model. The leaching of Sb corresponds to diffusion-controlled model at low temperature (15-45 °C) and mixed-controlled model at high temperature (45-85 °C), and the apparent activation energies are 6.91 and 17.93 kJ/mol, respectively. The leaching of Fe corresponds to diffusion-controlled model, and the apparent activation energy is 1.99 kJ/mol. Three semi-empirical rate equations are obtained to describe the leaching process.


Key words: ozone; antimony-bearing complex sulfides ore; oxidation-leaching kinetic; mixed-controlled model; diffusion- controlled model

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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