Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 28    No. 3    March 2018

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Preparation of ultrafine silver powders with controllable size and morphology
Qing-hua TIAN1,2, Duo DENG1,2, Yu LI1,2, Xue-yi GUO1,2

1. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China; 2. Cleaner Metallurgical Engineering Research Center, Nonferrous Metals Industry of China, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The ultrafine silver powders were prepared by liquid reduction method using Arabic gum as dispersant. The effects of different dispersants, pH values, and temperature on the morphology and particle size of silver powders were investigated. It is found that Arabic gum can better adsorb on silver particles via chemical adsorption, and it shows the best dispersive effect among all the selected dispersants. The particle size of silver powders can be finely tuned from 0.34 to 4.09 μm by adjusting pH values, while the morphology of silver powders can be tuned by changing the temperature. The silver powders with high tap density higher than 4.0 g/cm3 were successfully prepared in a wide temperature range of 21.8-70 °C. Especially, the tap density is higher than 5.0 g/cm3 when the temperature is optimized to be 50 °C. The facile process and high silver concentration of this method make it a promising way to prepare high quality silver powders for electronic paste.


Key words: ultrafine silver powder; Arabic gum; dispersion mechanism; tap density; controllable preparation

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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