Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 28    No. 10    October 2018

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FE analysis of extrusion defect and optimization of metal flow in porthole die for complex hollow aluminium profile
Jie YI1,2, Zhen-hu WANG1, Zhi-wen LIU1,3, Jian-ming ZHANG1,2, Xin HE1

1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacture for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China;
2. School of Mechanical Engineering, Hunan Industry Polytechnic, Changsha 410208, China;
3. School of Mechanical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China

Abstract:To solve the defects of bottom concave appearing in the extrusion experiments of complex hollow aluminium profiles, a 3D finite element model for simulating steady-state porthole die extrusion process was established based on HyperXtrude software using Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE) algorithm. The velocity distribution on the cross-section of the extrudate at the die exit and pressure distribution at different heights in the welding chamber were quantitatively analyzed. To obtain an uniformity of metal flow velocity at the die exit, the porthole die structure was optimized by adding baffle plates. After optimization, maximum displacement in the Y direction at the bottom of profile decreases from 1.1 to 0.15 mm, and the concave defects are remarkably improved. The research method provides an effective guidance for improving extrusion defects and optimizing the metal flow of complex hollow aluminium profiles during porthole die extrusion.


Key words: hollow aluminium profile; extrusion defect; metal flow velocity; baffle plate; ALE algorithm

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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