Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 28    No. 11    November 2018

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Discharge performance of Mg-Al-Pb-La anode for Mg-air battery
Yan FENG, Ge LEI, Yu-qing HE, Ri-chu WANG, Xiao-feng WANG

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The discharge performance of Mg-Al-Pb-La anode was investigated by electrochemical techniques and compared with that of Mg-Al-Pb alloy. The results indicate that the Mg-Al-Pb-La anode provides enhanced corrosion resistance at open circle potential, and exhibits better discharge activity than the Mg-Al-Pb alloy. The utilization efficiency of Mg-Al-Pb-La anode is higher than that of commercial Mg-Al-Zn (AZ) and Mg-Al-Mn (AM) alloys. A single Mg-air battery with Mg-Al-Pb-La alloy as the anode and air as the cathode has an average discharge potential of 1.295 V and a discharge capacity of 1370 mA·h/g during discharge at 10 mA/cm2, which is higher than that of batteries using Mg-Li anodes. The enhancement in discharge performance of the Mg-Al-Pb-La anode is caused by its modified microstructure, which reduces the self-corrosion and accelerates the spalling of oxidation products during battery discharge. Furthermore, the dissolution mechanism of Mg-Al-Pb-La anode during the discharge process was analyzed.


Key words: Mg-air battery; Mg-Al-Pb-La alloy; corrosion resistance; discharge activity; utilization efficiency

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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