Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 28    No. 11    November 2018

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Numerical simulations on material flow behaviors in whole process of friction stir welding
En-zhi GAO1,2, Xing-xing ZHANG1, Chun-zhong LIU2, Zong-yi MA1

1. Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;
2. College of Material Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China

Abstract:A finite element model based on solid mechanics was developed with ABAQUS to study the material flow in whole process of friction stir welding (FSW), with the technique of tracer particles. Simulation results indicate that the flow pattern of the tracer particles around the pin is spiral movement. There are very different flow patterns at the upper and lower parts of the weld. The material on the upper surface has the spiral downward movement that is affected by the shoulder and the lower material has the spiral upward movement that is affected by the pin. The velocity of the material flow on the periphery of the stirring pin is higher than that at the bottom of the stirring pin. The material can be rotated with a stirring pin a few times, agreeing well with the previous experimental observation by tungsten tracer particles.


Key words: friction stir welding; finite element simulation; tracer particles; material flow

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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