Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第29卷    第1期    总第238期    2019年1月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]    

    

文章编号:1004-0609(2019)-01-0115-07
合金元素在Mo中的活度和溶解度
孙顺平1,顾 顺1,江 勇2,易丹青2

(1. 江苏理工学院 江苏省先进材料设计与增材制造重点实验室,常州 213001;
2. 中南大学 材料科学与工程学院,长沙 410083
)

摘 要: 基于Miedema模型及其相关物性参数研究合金元素在Mo中的活度和溶解度,并将预测结果与第一性原理计算及其他经验方法的结果进行比较。结果表明:合金元素在Mo中的活度随着温度及合金元素浓度的增加而增大;在相同浓度条件下,主族元素Ge、Al和Si在Mo中的活度较小,过渡族元素Ti、Hf、Nb、Zr和Re等活度较大,后者往往成为钼基合金的主要合金化元素。溶解度研究表明,合金元素在Mo中的溶解度受到原子尺寸因素、电子密度因素和电负性因素的影响,而合金元素在Mo中的溶解热则是后两个因素的综合反映。以溶解热和原子尺寸参数为横纵坐标建立Miedema-Alonso图发现,其与Mo原子尺寸差异小于15%,且在Mo中溶解热在-20~20 kJ/mol之间的合金元素有望在Mo中获得较大的溶解度。

 

关键词: 钼;活度;溶解度;Miedema模型;第一性原理

Activity and solubility of alloying elements in Mo
SUN Shun-ping1, GU Shun1, JIANG Yong2, YI Dan-qing2

1. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials Design and Additive Manufacturing, Jiangsu University of Technology, Changzhou 213001, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The activity and solubility of alloying elements in Mo were investigated by using Miedema’s model and its related physical parameters, and these results were compared with the results predicted by the first-principle calculations and other’s empirical approach. These results show that the activity of alloying elements in Mo increases with the increasing temperature and alloying concentration. Under the same concentrations, the activities of main group elements Ge, Al and Si in Mo are small, and the activities of transition elements Ti, Hf, Nb, Zr, and Re are relatively large, which the latter should be chosen as the main alloying elements of Mo-based alloys. The solubility results also point out that the solubility of alloying element in Mo is influenced by atomic size factor, electron density factor, and electronegativity factor. And the solution heat of alloying elements in Mo is a comprehensive reflection of the last two factors. Furthermore, Miedema-Alonso plot was established by using the solution heat of alloying elements in Mo and atomic size parameters as the horizontal and vertical coordinates, respectively. It is found that the alloying element, which its atomic difference from Mo is smaller than 15% and its solution heat in Mo lies in the rang from -20 to 20 kJ/mol always has large respectively solubility limit in Mo.

 

Key words: Mo; activity; solubility; Miedema’s model; first-principle

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

主管:中国科学技术协会 主办:中国有色金属学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《中国有色金属学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓山中南大学内 邮编:410083
电 话:0731-88876765,88877197,88830410   传真:0731-88877197   电子邮箱:f_ysxb@163.com