Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 29    No. 12    December 2019

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Effect of surface dissolution on kinetic parameters in flotation of ilmenite from different gangue minerals

1. Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran;
2. Department of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabili, Iran

Abstract:The effects of acid surface dissolution on the flotation kinetics of ilmenite (IL) and its common accompanied gangue minerals including olivine-pyroxene (Ol-Px), tremolite-clinochlore (Tr-Cch) and quartz were investigated. The results show that through the surface dissolution the adsorption rate constant for ilmenite increases from 5.272 to 8.441 mol/(g·min) while it decreases for Ol-Px, Tr-Cch and quartz from 6.332, 7.309 and 7.774 mol/(g·min) to 5.034, 6.223 and 7.371 mol/(g·min), respectively. Also, the flotation experiments on a binary mixture of minerals indicate that after surface dissolution the values of modified rate constant for ilmenite flotation from Ol-Px, Tr-Cch and quartz are enhanced from 36.15, 36.52 and 47.86 min-1 to 41.72, 45.78 and 56.24 min-1, respectively. This results in the improvement of kinetic selectivity index (SI) in the separation of treated ilmenite from gangue minerals. As evidenced by ICP-MS analysis, the decrease of kinetic parameters for gangue minerals can be due to the removal of Fe2+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions from their surfaces, which results in the lack of enough active sites to interact with collector species. As confirmed by contact angle measurements, this prevents the formation of a stable hydrophobic layer on the minerals surfaces for creating stable attachments between minerals and bubbles. Generally, the improvement of ilmenite flotation kinetics has a negative correlation with the iron content in its accompanied gangue minerals.


Key words: surface dissolution; flotation; kinetic parameters; modified rate constant; selectivity index; collector adsorption

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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