Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第29卷    第12期    总第249期    2019年12月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]    

    

文章编号:1004-0609(2019)-12-2819-07
铜捕集法回收铂族金属的理论及实验研究
赵家春,崔 浩,保思敏,童伟锋,吴跃东,董海刚

(昆明贵金属研究所 贵研铂业股份有限公司,稀贵金属综合利用新技术国家重点实验室,昆明 650106)

摘 要: 对还原熔炼铜捕集法从失效汽车催化剂中回收铂族金属的基础理论进行研究并进行实验验证。计算整个过程可能发生的反应 方程式。分析表明,铂族金属氧化物优先于氧化铜被还原为金属态,实际还原熔炼温度应低于1500 ℃;计算含MgO的 CaO-Al2O3-SiO2熔炼渣体系相图及黏度,熔炼过程应控制CaO、SiO2的量来实现渣型的选择;结合从铜-铂族金属相图,铜能与铂、钯、铑连续固溶形成合金;从理论上证实铜捕集法从失效汽车催化剂中回收铂族金属的可行性;通过实验验证,结果表明在适宜的条件下,铂、钯、铑回收率分别为98.2%、99.2%、97.6%。

 

关键词: 铂族金属;铜捕集法;失效汽车催化剂;回收

Theory and practice on recovery of platinum group metals from spent auto catalysts by reduction-smelting copper trapping method
ZHAO Jia-chun, CUI Hao, BAO Si-min, TONG Wei-feng, WU Yue-dong, DONG Hai-gang

State key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Comprehensive Utilization of Platinum Metals, Sino-platinum Metals Co., Ltd., Kunming Institute of Precious Metals, Kunming 650106, China

Abstract:The basic theory on recovery of platinum group metals from spent auto catalyst by reduction smelting copper trapping method was studied and the experimental verification was carried out. The equations of possible reactions in the whole process were obtained through theoretical calculation, and the analysis shows that the platinum group metals oxides are reduced to metallic state in preference to copper oxide, and the actual reduction smelting temperature should be lower than 1500 ℃. The phase diagram and viscosity of CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 smelting slag containing MgO system were calculated, and the amount of CaO and SiO2 should be controlled in the smelting process to implement choice of slag type. It can be seen from the copper-platinum group metals phase diagrams that copper can form the continuous solid solution with platinum palladium and rhodium. The feasibility of recovering platinum group metals from spent auto catalyst by copper trapping method is proved theoretically. The recoveries of platinum, palladium and rhodium are 98.2%, 99.2% and 97.6%, respectively, under the appropriate conditions by practical experimental verification.

 

Key words: platinum group metal? copper trapping method? spent auto catalyst? recovery

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

主管:中国科学技术协会 主办:中国有色金属学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《中国有色金属学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓山中南大学内 邮编:410083
电 话:0731-88876765,88877197,88830410   传真:0731-88877197   电子邮箱:f_ysxb@163.com