Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第30卷    第5期    总第254期    2020年5月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2020)-05-1172-10
铝酸钠溶液添加活性晶种分解过程颗粒的演变
叶普洪,齐天贵,周秋生,吴心平,彭志宏,刘桂华,李小斌

(中南大学 冶金与环境学院,长沙 410083)

摘 要: 以碳酸氢钠诱导铝酸钠溶液分解制备活性晶种,研究了添加极少量该活性晶种铝酸钠溶液分解过程中的颗粒演变规律。结果表明:随着分解过程的进行,产品粒度先增大而后减小,其拐点对应于铝酸钠溶液过饱和度变化速率由快变慢的转折点。种分初期,产品中拜耳石含量高,并存在数量较多的附聚体,拜耳石为粘结相。种分后期,拜耳石被较高苛性比的铝酸钠溶液溶解,导致附聚体解体而使产品细化。研究结果可为研究铝酸钠溶液添加活性晶种分解过程的粒度控制技术提供借鉴。

 

关键词: 铝酸钠溶液;晶种分解;活性晶种;颗粒尺寸;附聚

Particles evolution during seeded precipitation of sodium aluminate solution by adding active seed
YE Pu-hong, QI Tian-gui, ZHOU Qiu-sheng, WU Xin-ping, PENG Zhi-hong, LIU Gui-hua, LI Xiao-bin

School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The variations of product particles were investigated during the precipitation with extremely low addition of active seed prepared by NaHCO3-induced precipitation of sodium aluminate solution. The results show that, with the proceeding of precipitation, the particle size of the precipitated product first increases and then decreases, and the maximum size of the product appears at the transition point of solution supersaturation variation. In the early period of the precipitation, the precipitate principally contains bayerite and a quantity of agglomerates are formed using bayerite acting as a binder. The bayerite binder is dissolved by sodium aluminate solution with high caustic molar ratio in the late period of precipitation, resulting in the disintegration of agglomerates and thus decreasing the product size. The research results allows to provide guidelines for particle size control in the precipitation process of sodium aluminate solution by adding active seed.

 

Key words: sodium aluminate solution; seeded precipitation; active seed; particle size; agglomeration

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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