Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 30    No. 7    July 2020

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Characterization of aluminum based functionally graded composites developed via friction stir processing
Venkatesh BIKKINA, Sadasiva Rao TALASILA, Kumar ADEPU

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal 506004, Telangana, India

Abstract:Al/SiC functionally graded material (FGM) was developed through a novel multi-step friction stir processing (FSP) method. SiC particles with a mean size of 27.5 μm were embedded in the groove on the 6082-Al plate. To create a graded structure over a predefined value, FSP was carried out with three tools with different pin lengths and with varying volume fractions of SiC particles. The structure was formed by passing tools with 1-3 passes with a constant rotational and traveling speeds of 900 r/min and 20 mm/min, respectively. The experiments were conducted at room temperature. Microstructural features of functionally graded (FG) samples were examined by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and 3D light microscopy. Mechanical properties in terms of wear resistance and microhardness were thoroughly assessed. The results indicate that the increase in FSP pass number causes more uniform SiC particle dispersion. The microhardness values were impacted by the number of passes and improved by 51.54% for Pass 3 when compared to as-received 6082-Al. Wear resistance of Al/SiC FG samples was found to increase as a result of the addition of SiC particles.


Key words: functionally graded composites; friction stir processing; silicon carbide; AA6082-T6; number of passes

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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