Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 30    No. 11    November 2020

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Utilization of wastewater from zeolite production in synthesis of flotation reagents
Xu WANG1,2,3, Hao SONG3,4, Fen JIAO1,2, Wen-qing QIN1,2, Cong-ren YANG1,2, Yan-fang CUI1,2, Zheng-quan ZHANG1,2, Jian ZHANG5, Hao-bing LI5

1. School of Mineral Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Clean and Efficient Utilization of Strategic Calcium-containing Mineral Resources, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
3. Luoyang Zhenbei Industry and Trade Co., Ltd., Luoyang 471000, China;
4. College of Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA;
5. Luoyang Yulu Mining Co., Ltd., Luoyang 471000, China

Abstract:The application of waste alkali liquids as a substitute of sodium hydroxide for the saponification to improve the collection performance of fatty acids was investigated by saponification reaction test and flotation test. The results of the saponification reaction test indicated that the optimal conditions for the saponification were stirring rate of 55 r/min, initial temperature of 40 °C and stirring time of 45 min. Meanwhile, the laboratory scale and industrial scale flotation experiments showed that the fatty acid salt synthesized by wastewater achieved an index comparable to fatty acid sodium synthesized by sodium hydroxide. As a consequence, it was feasible to replace sodium hydroxide with the wastewater from zeolite production for fatty acid saponification. The cross-border utilization of waste alkali liquids not only reduced environmental pollution, but also produced excellent economic benefits.


Key words: zeolite; wastewater; fatty acid; saponification; flotation; scheelite

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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