Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 31    No. 2    February 2021

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Effects of La on microstructure and mechanical properties of NbMoTiVSi0.2 refractory high entropy alloys
Qin XU1, De-zhi CHEN2, Cong-rui WANG1, Wen-chao CAO2, Qi WANG2, Hong-zhi CUI 3, Shu-yan ZHANG4, Rui-run CHEN2,3

1. School of Mechanic and Electrical Engineering, Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450001, China;
2. National Key Laboratory for Precision Hot Processing of Metals, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China;
3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China;
4. Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials, Dongguan 523808, China

Abstract:To study the effects of La on the microstructure and mechanical properties of refractory high entropy alloys, NbMoTiVSi0.2 alloys with different La contents were prepared. Phase constitution, microstructure evolution, compressive properties and related mechanisms were systematically studied. Results show that the alloys with La addition are composed of BCC solid solution, eutectic structure, MSi2 disilicide phase and La-containing precipitates. Eutectic structure and most of La precipitates are formed at the grain boundaries. Disilicide phase is formed in the grains. La can change the grain morphologies from dendritic structure to near-equiaxed structure, and the average grain size decreases from 180 to 20 μm with the increase of La content from 0 to 0.5 at.%. Compressive testing shows that the ultimate strength and the yield strength increase with the increase of La content, which is resulted from the grain boundary strengthening. However, they cannot be greatly improved because of the formation of MSi2 disilicide phase with low strength. The ductility decreases with the increase of La content, which is due to the La precipitates and brittle MSi2 disilicide phase.


Key words: high entropy alloy; lanthanum; eutectic structure; refractory metal; disilicide phase

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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