Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 31    No. 3    March 2021

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Cyclic metallurgical process for extracting V and Cr from vanadium slag: Part I. Separation and recovery of V from chromium-containing vanadate solution
Xue-wen WANG1, Ming-e YANG1,2, Yu-qi MENG1, Da-xiong GAO1, Ming-yu WANG1, Zi-bi FU3

1. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Hunan Automotive Engineering Vocational College, Zhuzhou 412001, China;
3. State Key Laboratory for Comprehensive Utilization of Vanadium and Titanium Resources, Pangang Group Research Institute Co., Ltd., Panzhihua 617000, China

Abstract:The separation and recovery of V from chromium-containing vanadate solution were investigated by a cyclic metallurgical process including selective precipitation of vanadium, vanadium leaching and preparation of vanadium pentoxide. By adding Ca(OH)2 and ball milling, not only the V in the solution can be selectively precipitated, but also the leaching kinetics of the precipitate is significantly improved. The precipitation efficiency of V is 99.59% by adding Ca(OH)2 according to Ca/V molar ratio of 1.75:1 into chromium-containing vanadate solution and ball milling for 60 min at room temperature, while the content of Cr in the precipitate is 0.04%. The leaching rate of V reaches 99.35% by adding NaHCO3 into water according to NaHCO3/V molar ratio of 2.74:1 to leach V from the precipitate with L/S ratio of 4:1 mL/g and stirring for 60 min at room temperature. The crystals of NH4VO3 are obtained by adjusting the leaching solution pH to be 8.0 with CO2 and then adding NH4HCO3 according to NH4HCO3/NaVO3 molar ratio of 1:1 and stirring for 8 h at room temperature. After filtration, the crystallized solution containing ammonia is reused to leach the precipitate of calcium vanadates, and the leaching efficiency of V is >99% after stirring for 1 h at room temperature. Finally, the product of V2O5 with purity of 99.6% is obtained by calcining the crystals at 560 °C for 2 h.


Key words: chromium-containing vanadate solution; calcium salt precipitating vanadium; sodium bicarbonate leaching; ammonium salt precipitating vanadate; cyclic metallurgical process

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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