Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 31    No. 3    March 2021

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Leaching performance of Al-bearing spent LiFePO4 cathode powder in H2SO4 aqueous solution
Wen-bo LOU1,2, Yang ZHANG2, Ying ZHANG2, Shi-li ZHENG2, Pei SUN3, Xiao-jian WANG2, Jian-zhong LI1, Shan QIAO2, Yi ZHANG2, Marco WENZEL4, Jan J. WEIGAND4

1. School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China;
2. CAS Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3. Materials Science & Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA;
4. Faculty of Chemistry and Food Chemistry, Technische Universit?t Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany

Abstract:The leaching performance and leaching kinetics of LiFePO4 (LFP) and Al in Al-bearing spent LFP cathode powder were systematically studied. The effects of temperature (273-368 K), stirring speed (200-950 r/min), reaction time (0-240 min), acid-to-material ratio (0.1:1-1:1 mL/g) and liquid-to-solid ratio (3:1-9:1 mL/g) on the leaching process were investigated. The results show that the concentration of reactants and the temperature have a greater impact on the leaching of Al. Under the optimal conditions, leaching efficiencies of LFP and Al are 91.53% and 15.98%, respectively. The kinetic study shows that the leaching of LFP is kinetically controlled by mixed surface reaction and diffusion, with an activation energy of 22.990 kJ/mol; whereas the leaching of Al is only controlled by surface chemical reaction, with an activation energy of 46.581 kJ/mol. A low leaching temperature can effectively suppress the dissolving of Al during the acid leaching of the spent LFP cathode material.


Key words: LiFePO4; aluminum; leaching performance; leaching kinetics

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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