Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 31    No. 8    August 2021

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Achieving remarkable piezoelectric activity in Sb-Mn co-modified CaBi4Ti4O15 piezoelectric ceramics
Yang LIU1, Yang YU1, Chen-yi YIN1, Liang ZHENG1, Peng ZHENG1, Wang-feng BAI2, Li-li LI1, Fei WEN1, Yang ZHANG1

1. Lab for Nanoelectronics and Nanoelectronic Devices, Department of Electronics Science and Technology, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China;
2. College of Materials and Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China

Abstract:CaBi4Ti4O15 (CBT)-based Aurivillius high-temperature piezoceramics with different Sb-Mn co-doping amounts were synthesized via the conventional sintering technique. The influences of doping amount on the product were studied via their crystal structure, microstructure, and piezoelectric performance. It is found that an appropriate Sb-Mn co-doping amount can effectively optimize the crystal structure and decrease the oxygen vacancy concentration in CBT ceramics, leading to enhanced electrical properties. Optimized electrical performance with a high Curie temperature (TC) of 792 °C and a remarkable piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 25 pC/N were achieved at a doping amount (x) of 0.05. Furthermore, this ceramic is found to exhibit an excellent thermal stability, with d33 retaining 88% of its original value after annealing at 600 °C for 2 h. Moreover, this ceramic shows a high electrical resistivity (ρ) of 1.35×108 Ω·cm with a small dielectric loss (tan δ) of 1.7% at 400 °C. Because of such outstanding piezoelectric performance, it is believed that these Sb-Mn co-doped CBT ceramics could be potential candidates for high-temperature piezoelectric applications.


Key words: CaBi4Ti4O15; piezoelectric ceramics; piezoelectric activity; resistivity; thermal stability

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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