Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 32    No. 8    August 2022

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Effect of yttrium and calcium additions on electrochemical behaviors and discharge performance of AZ80 anodes for Mg-air battery
Yu-wen-xi ZHANG1, Lu HAN1, Lin-bao REN2, Ling-ling FAN1, Yang-yang GUO3, Ming-yang ZHOU4, Gao-feng QUAN1

1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China;
2. Center for Advancing Materials Performance from the Nanoscale, State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
3. Xi’an Rare Metal Materials Institute Co., Ltd., Xi’an 710049, China;
4. Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, Nuclear Power Institute of China, Chengdu 610213, China

Abstract:The effects of yttrium (Y) and yttrium + calcium (Y+Ca) additions on the electrochemical properties and discharge performance of the as-extruded Mg-8Al-0.5Zn-0.2Mn (AZ80) anodes for Mg-air batteries were investigated. The results show that the addition of 0.2 wt.% Y increased the corrosion resistance and discharge activity of AZ80 anode. This was attributed to the fine and spherical β-Mg17Al12 phases dispersing evenly in AZ80+0.2Y alloy, which suppressed the localized corrosion and severe “chunk effect”, and facilitated the rapid activation of α-Mg. Combinative addition of 0.2 wt.% Y and 0.15 wt.% Ca generated grain refinement and a reduction of the β-Mg17Al12 phase, resulting in a further enhancement in discharge voltage. However, the incorporation of Ca in Mg17Al12 and Al2Y compounds compromised the corrosion resistance and anodic efficiency of AZ80+0.2Y+0.15Ca anode. Consequently, AZ80+0.2Y anode exhibited excellent overall discharge performance, with the peak discharge capacity and anodic efficiency of 1525 mA·h·g-1 and 67% at 80 mA/cm2, 13% and 14% higher than those of AZ80 anode, respectively.


Key words: Mg-air battery; Mg-Al-Zn anode; discharge performance; electrochemical behavior

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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